The sound of snoring occurs when there is an obstruction to the passage of air through the back of the mouth and nose. In this area the tongue coincides with the soft palate and the uvula or bell. When these structures collide with each other, a vibration occurs during respiration, generating the typical hum noise. The problem of snoring is more common in men and obese or overweight people and is aggravated by age.
Snorers have at least one of the following problems
» Low muscle tone in the muscles of the throat or tongue. Loose muscles cause the tongue to fall backwards and with the muscles in the throat to collapse the airways. This happens when the muscle tone of the person is very relaxed by the consumption of alcohol, drugs or drugs that cause drowsiness. But it also occurs in some people when they are relaxed in the phases of deep sleep.(1)
» Excessive development of the tissues of the throat. Large tonsils or adenoids developed excessively (vegetations), for example, are the cause of snoring in children. Obese people also suffer an increase in the size of these tissues. Similarly, although less frequent, cysts or tumors can also be factors that cause snoring.
» Excessive length of soft palate and uvula. A large palate can make the passage between the nose and the throat narrow. As the soft palate hangs over the entrance of the airways, it acts as a flow valve and when it produces the relaxed breathing contributes to the noise of the snore. An equally large uvula aggravates the subject.
» Nasal airway obstruction. When an obstruction or nasal blockage is experienced, it is necessary to make an effort to inhale the air through the nose. This creates an exaggerated vacuum in the throat that becomes a collapse of part of the airways and pushes soft tissues into the throat.(2)
Therefore in viral infections of the nose can appear snoring in people who are not snorers habitually. This also explains why certain people only snore during the spring (allergic to pollen). Also, the deformations of the nasal septum are a common cause of obstruction to the passage of air and the night snoring can occur.
It is usually a family problem, the snorer generates an uneasiness between those who support snoring and becomes a problem coming, occasionally to produce marital ruptures. In addition, there are problems for the individual and snoring alters his sleep and this is not repairing, so the great snorers tend to have a higher blood pressure than the non-snorers. In exaggerated cases it is possible to produce a picture called sleep apnea, this occurs when the noisy breath of snoring is interrupted by episodes of cessation of breath.
As general measures we recommend:
- Avoid sedentary life and carry out daily exercises.
- Avoid the use of tranquilizers and antihistamines before bedtime.
- Do not drink alcoholic beverages before bedtime.
- Do not make great dinners before bedtime.
- Avoid excessive tiredness.
- preferably sleep sideways better than face up.
- Place the bed tilted, lifting the headboard.
- Make sure that your family’s people fall asleep before.
In any case, the large snorers must perform a medical study, their nose, mouth, palate, throat and neck. Perform a study of Rx of paranasal sinuses, or cavum in children. Subsequently and if there is a cause we must take appropriate corrective measures:
- Treat a nasal allergy or infection
- Surgery of rhinoplasty.
- Removal of the tonsils or adenoids (vegetations).
- Surgery to reduce the size of the palate and throat (Uvulo-Faringo-Palatine-Plastia).
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